Congruent Triangles Worksheet

**Page 1**

1.

Which of the following cannot be used to prove that two triangles are congruent?

a. | AAS congruence postulate | ||

b. | SAS congruence postulate | ||

c. | SSS congruence postulate | ||

d. | AAA congruence postulate |

Correct answer : (4)

2.

Which pair of triangles shows congruency by the SAS postulate?

a. | Figure D | ||

b. | Figure C | ||

c. | Figure B | ||

d. | Figure A |

[SAS Postulate.]

The triangles of figure C are congruent by SAS postulate.

Correct answer : (2)

3.

a. | 45 ^{o} | ||

b. | 60 ^{o} | ||

c. | 75 ^{o} | ||

d. | 30 ^{o} |

[Given.]

[Triangle Angle Sum Theorem.]

[Substitute 60 for

[Simplify.]

[ΔABC

[Substitute

Correct answer : (3)

4.

Which postulate can be used to prove the triangles congruent?

a. | ASA postulate | ||

b. | SSS postulate | ||

c. | SAS postulate | ||

d. | AAS postulate |

[Given.]

If two angles and the included side of one triangle are congruent to two angles and the included side of another triangle, then the two triangles are congruent.

[ASA postulate.]

So, Δ PQR

Correct answer : (1)

5.

What is the length of side BC?

a. | 3 units | ||

b. | 6 units | ||

c. | 4 units | ||

d. | 2 units |

[ΔDEF

Corresponding sides of congruent triangles are congruent.

So, BC = DF = 6

[Substitute 6 for DF.]

Correct answer : (2)

6.

Name two pairs of congruent triangles in the figure.

a. | ΔAED, ΔDEC; ΔBEC, ΔBEA | ||

b. | ΔAED, ΔAEB; ΔBEC, ΔCED | ||

c. | ΔDEC, ΔBEC; ΔAED, ΔDEC | ||

d. | ΔDEC, ΔBEA; ΔBEC, ΔDEA |

[SSS postulate.]

ΔDEC

[From the figure.]

Correct answer : (4)

7.

Which of the following can be used to prove that ΔABC $\cong $ ΔADC ?

a. | ASA postulate | ||

b. | SAS postulate | ||

c. | AAS postulate | ||

d. | SSS postulate |

[Given.]

[Given.]

[Reflexive property of congruence.]

If two angles and a nonincluded side of one triangle are congruent to two angles and the corresponding nonincluded side of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent.

[AAS postulate.]

ΔABC

[From step 4.]

Correct answer : (3)

8.

Which of the following is / are true?

1. A triangle is congruent to itself

2. An isoceles triangle has two congruent correspondances

3. An equilateral triangle has six congruent correspondances

1. A triangle is congruent to itself

2. An isoceles triangle has two congruent correspondances

3. An equilateral triangle has six congruent correspondances

a. | all are true | ||

b. | 1 and 2 only | ||

c. | 1 and 3 only | ||

d. | 1 only |

Two angles and two sides are congruent for an isosceles triangle. So, it has two congruent correspondances.

An equilateral triangle has all the sides and all the angles congruent. All the six correspondances of the equilateral triangle are congruent.

So, all the statements are true.

Correct answer : (1)

9.

Which of the following can be used to prove Δ PQR $\cong $ ΔABC ?

a. | SSS postulate | ||

b. | ASA postulate | ||

c. | SAS postulate | ||

d. | AAS postulate |

and

[Given.]

If two angles and a nonincluded side of one triangle are congruent to two angles and the corresponding nonincluded side of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent.

[AAS theorem.]

So, ΔPQR

Correct answer : (4)

10.

Which of the following sets of triangles are congruent?

a. | Figure D | ||

b. | Figure B | ||

c. | Figure A | ||

d. | Figure C |

[SSS postulate.]

Triangles in Figure-C are congruent.

[From step1.]

Correct answer : (4)