Graphing Linear Inequalities in Two Variables Worksheet

Graphing Linear Inequalities in Two Variables Worksheet
  • Page 1
 1.  

Which of the graphs best suits the inequality y > 1?

a.
Graph 1
b.
Graph 3
c.
Graph 2
d.
Graph 4


Solution:

As the inequality of the line is >, use dashed line to represent y = 1.

The origin (0, 0) is not a solution and it lies below the line.


The solution of the inequality is the other half of the plane, which does not include the origin (0,0).

Therefore, Graph 2 best suits the inequality y > 1.


Correct answer : (3)
 2.  
Which of the graphs best suits the inequality y < 1?


a.
Graph-2
b.
Graph-4
c.
Graph-3
d.
Graph-1


Solution:

Graph the corresponding equation y = 1 with dashed line.
[Since the inequality is <.]

The point (0, 0) is a solution to the inequality and it lies below the line.


The graph of y < 1 is the half plane below the graph of y = 1.

Therefore, Graph 2 best suits the inequality y < 1


Correct answer : (1)
 3.  
Which of the graphs best suits the inequality x - y > - 1?


a.
Graph 1
b.
Graph 3
c.
Graph 4
d.
Graph 2


Solution:

x - y > - 1
[Original inequality.]

x - y = - 1
[Write corresponding equation].

y = x + 1
[Subtract x from each side].

The corresponding equation in slope-intercept form is y = x + 1.


The graph of the line has a slope of 1 and a y-intercept of 1. Since the inequality is > use a dashed line.

The point (0, 0) satisfies the inequality. So, the solution is the half of the plane that includes the point (0, 0).

Therefore, graph 1 best suits the inequality x - y > - 1.


Correct answer : (1)
 4.  
Which of the following ordered pairs is not a solution of the inequality 3x - 4y > -4?
a.
(4, 3)
b.
(7, 3)
c.
(3, - 4)
d.
(- 3, 3)


Solution:

3x - 4y > -4
[Write original inequality.]

3(4) - 4(3) > -4
[Replace x with 4 and y with 3.]

0 > -4, which is true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (4, 3) is a solution.

3x - 4y > -4
[Write original inequality.]

3(7) - 4(3) > -4
[Replace x with 7 and y with 3.]

9 > -4, which is true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (7, 3) is a solution.

3x - 4y > -4
[Write original inequality.]

3(3) - 4(- 4) > -4
[Replace x with 3 and y with - 4.]

25 > -4, which is true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (3, - 4) is a solution.

3x - 4y > -4
[Write original inequality.]

3(- 3) - 4(3) > -4
[Replace x with - 3 and y with 3.]

- 21 > -4, which is not true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (- 3, 3) is not a solution.

Therefore, (- 3, 3) is not a solution for the inequality 3x - 4y > -4.


Correct answer : (4)
 5.  
Choose the ordered pair that is not the solution of the inequality whose graph is shown.


a.
(2, - 4)
b.
(4, - 2)
c.
(4, - 4)
d.
(- 2, 2)


Solution:

The y-intercept of the line is - 4 and the slope is 1.

The equation of the line in slope-intercept form is y = x - 4.
[Substitute m = 1 and b = - 4 in the equation y = mx + b.]

As the boundary line is a dashed line and the region below the line is shaded, the inequality should be y < x - 4.

y < x - 4
[Write original inequality.]

- 4 < 2 - 4
[Replace x with 2 and y with - 4.]

- 4 < - 2, which is true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (2, - 4) is a solution.

y < x - 4
[Write original inequality.]

- 2 < 4 - 4
[Replace x with 4 and y with - 2.]

- 2 < 0, which is true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (4, - 2) is a solution.

y < x - 4
[Write original inequality.]

- 4 < 4 - 4
[Replace x with 4 and y with - 4.]

- 4 < 0, which is true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (4, - 4) is a solution.

y < x - 4
[Write original inequality.]

2 < - 2 - 4
[Replace x with - 2 and y with 2.]

2 < - 6, which is not true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (- 2, 2) is not a solution.

Therefore, (- 2, 2) is not a solution for the inequality of the graph shown.


Correct answer : (4)
 6.  
Which of the following ordered pairs is not a solution of the inequality x - y5 > 6?
a.
(8, - 5)
b.
(3, 5)
c.
(0, - 40)
d.
(11, 0)


Solution:

x - y5 > 6
[Original inequality.]

3 - 55 > 6
[Replace x with 3 and y with 5.]

2 > 6, which is not true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (3, 5) is not a solution.

x - y5 > 6
[Original inequality.]

8 - (- 55) > 6
[Replace x with 8 and y with - 5.]

9 > 6, which is true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (8, - 5) is a solution.

x - y5 > 6
[Original inequality.]

11 - (05) > 6
[Replace x with 11 and y with 0.]

11 > 6, which is true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (11, 0) is a solution.

x - y5 > 6
[Original inequality.]

0 - (- 405) > 6
[Replace x with 0 and y with - 40.]

8 > 6, which is true.
[Simplify.]

So, the ordered pair (0, - 40) is a solution.

The ordered pair (3, 5) is not a solution of the inequality x - y5 > 6.


Correct answer : (2)
 7.  
Which of the following is a linear inequality with two variables?
a.
2x + 6y = 0
b.
x + 6 = 0
c.
8x + 1 ≤ 6
d.
6x + 2y ≥ 6


Solution:

A linear inequality in two variables will contain only two variables and an inequality symbol like ≠, ≤, <, ≥ or >.

Among the choices, 6x + 2y ≥ 6 is a linear inequality in two variables x and y.


Correct answer : (4)
 8.  
Identify the inequality which has the ordered pair (2, - 3) as a solution.
a.
5x + 3y ≤ 0
b.
5x - 3y < 0
c.
5x - 3y ≤ 0
d.
5x + 3y ≥ 0


Solution:

5x + 3y ≤ 0

5(2) + 3(- 3) ≤ 0
[Replace x with 2 and y with - 3.]

1 ≤ 0, which is false.
[Simplify.]

5x - 3y < 0

5(2) - 3(- 3) < 0
[Replace x with 2 and y with - 3.]

19 < 0, which is false.
[Simplify.]

5x - 3y ≤ 0

5(2) - 3(- 3) ≤ 0
[Replace x with 2 and y with - 3.]

19 ≤ 0, which is false.
[Simplify.]

5x + 3y ≥ 0

5(2) + 3(- 3) ≥ 0
[Replace x with 2 and y with - 3.]

1 ≥ 0, which is true.
[Simplify.]

So, (2, - 3) is a solution of 5x + 3y ≥ 0.


Correct answer : (4)
 9.  
Choose the inequality which has the ordered pair (0, 0) as the solution.
a.
3x + 3y > 4
b.
3x - 3y > 4
c.
- 3x + 3y > 4
d.
3x - 3y < 4


Solution:

3x + 3y > 4

3(0) + 3(0) > 4
[Replace x with 0 and y with 0.]

0 > 4, which is false.
[Simplify.]

3x - 3y > 4

3(0) - 3(0) > 4
[Replace x with 0 and y with 0.]

0 > 4, which is false.
[Simplify.]

- 3x + 3y > 4

- 3(0) + 3(0) > 4
[Replace x with 0 and y with 0.]

0 > 4, which is false.
[Simplify.]

3x - 3y < 4

3(0) - 3(0) < 4
[Replace x with 0 and y with 0.]

0 < 4, which is true.
[Simplify.]

So, (0, 0) is a solution of the inequality 3x - 3y < 4.


Correct answer : (4)
 10.  
Choose the inequality which has the ordered pair (0, - 4 3 ) as a solution.
a.
3x + 2y ≥ 0
b.
2x - 3y < 0
c.
2x + 3y > 0
d.
2x - 3y > 0


Solution:

2x - 3y > 0

2(0) - 3(- 43 ) > 0
[Replace x with 0 and y with - 4 / 3.]

4 > 0, which is true.
[Subtract.]

2x - 3y < 0

2(0) - 3(- 43 ) < 0
[Replace x with 0 and y with - 4 / 3.]

4 < 0, which is false.
[Subtract.]

2x + 3y > 0

2(0) + 3(- 43 ) > 0
[Replace x with 0 and y with - 4 / 3.]

- 4 > 0, which is false.
[Subtract.]

3x + 2y ≥ 0

3(0) + 2(- 43 ) ≥ 0
[Replace x with 0 and y with - 4 / 3.]

- 83 ≥ 0, which is false.
[Subtract.]

So, the ordered pair (0, - 4 / 3 ) is a solution to the inequality 2x - 3y > 0.


Correct answer : (4)

*AP and SAT are registered trademarks of the College Board.